- Cambodia has a population of 14.5 million and a land area of 181,035 square kilometres.
- In 2012 GDP per capita was USD879.
- The 2013 Human Development Index ranks Cambodia at 138. by comparison Singapore has a ranking of 18.
Despite having had one of the highest rates of economic growth globally and making important progress in tackling povery, human development indicators remain below global and regional averages and poverty persists. Cambodia remains vulnerable to shocks and crises. While the rural economy remains the cornerstone of national development, important challenges remain including institutional and governance constraints and insecure access to land and key productive resources.
New Zealand Aid Programme Activities
New Zealand development assistance to Cambodia is guided by the ASEAN Flgagship themes. These themes in Disaster Risk Management, New Zealand-ASEAN Scholars, Agriculture, and Young Business Leaders' Initiative, were launched by the New Zealand Minister of Foreign Affairs in July 2012 and lie at the heart of New Zealand's commitment to ASEAN. The New Zealand Aid Programme provides support to Cambodia through the Mekong, ASEAN Regional and the Scholarships programmes and through the Partnerships for International Development Fund.
In Cambodia, New Zealand Aid Programme activities focus on promoting sustainable economic development (through agribusiness and improving community livelihoods) and on human resource development through providing scholarships and English language training.
Sustainable Economic Development
- the three year NZ$1.75 million Cambodia Agribusiness Development Facility (CADF) in Siem Reap and Bantaey Meanchey Provinces which aims to increase profits of smallholder commercial farmers by strengthening the vegetable and animal commercial value chains. Our implementing partner is iDE.
- the three year NZ$2.5 million Agricultural Value Chain Strengthening in Landmine Affected Areas (AVAiL) of Cambodia project in Otdar Meanchey Province which aims to improve income and livelihood opportunities for the rural poor through demining and agricultural value chain strengthhening. iDE and HALO Trust Cambodia are our implementing partners.
- in June 2014, New Zealand signed a Partnership Arrangement with the Authority for the Protection and Managment of Angkor and the Region of Siem Reap (APSARA) which marked the commencement of ACHA (Angkor Community Heritage and Economic Advancement Project), a five year phase of support to APSARA, worth NZD4.4 million. ACHA will see the Angkor Park UNESCO World Heritage site's hydraulic systems repaired, solar power units installed in Angkor Park communities, improved farming systems established and tourism and other sustainable economic activities supported. The project will support up to 20 villages (30,000 people) to increase their opportunities for income generation. New Zealand's Department of Conservation has agreed to provide technical assistance to support Angkor Park managment.
Human Resource Development
In Cambodia, the New Zealand Aid Programme focuses on promoting human resource development through scholarships and English language training. Study in New Zealand provides opportunities to establish long lasting linkages with New Zealand and New Zealanders.
- New Zealand-ASEAN Scholars: 30 scholarships are available annually to Cambodian applicants.
- English Language Training for Officials (ELTO): ten scholarships are available to Cambodian applicants for each 22 week programme. Two courses are held per annum.
- English Language Training for Senior Officials (ELTSO): five places are available to Cambodian applicants for each eight week course. One course is held per annum.
- Young Business Leaders' Initiative: Cambodia benefits from this regionally delivered programme providing New Zealand based training and familiarisation for Cambodia young business leaders.
Partnerships for International Development
The New Zealand Aid Programme currently supports two activities under the Aid Programme's Partnerships for International Development Fund
- In Pursat Province the Aid Programme supports a one year, NZ$147,000, project - implemented by HOPE International New Zealand - aimed at increasing access to clean water and improved sanitation and increasing food security through home gardening and improved agricultural production.
- In Mondulkiri and Ratanakiri Provinces, the Aid Programme supports an activity aimed at improving the economic wellbeing and health of indigenous communities in 26 villages through enhancing local agricultural knowledge , practice and production, strengthening business and organisationsal skills of the famring community, increasing the availability of safe water and improving hygiene practices through a NZ$567,000 contribution to the cost of this activity, implemented by Caritas Aotearoa New Zealand through the Development and Partnership in Action Cambodia (DPA).
Cambodia benefits from New Zealand Aid Programme support to regional activities in the Greater Mekong Sub-region such as the Mekong Institute, the United Nations Inter-Agency Project on Human Trafficking (UNIAP) and the Mekong River Commission.
Cambodia also benefits from the regionally delivered support from New Zealand to the ASEAN Humanitarian Assistance Centre (AHA Centre) which helps to coordinate disaster response in the region.